Improving Technical Security Internet Governance


Security [Cybersecurity] is a complex issue with many different aspects that requires the multistakeholder community to work together to address protection, stability, and reliability of the communications infrastructure:
  • To promote cooperation and collaboration among all stakeholders
  • To enhance the integrity of the international telecommunications network
  • To establish mechanisms to promote robustness
The Internet model of developing collaborative standards and policies in an open and broad based consensus process by international experts is one of the best vehicles for achieving real security. This model has been successful in improving cybersecurity with the deployment of secure virtual private networks (VPNs) and encryption protocols, DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC), secure protocols for data exchange and a more secure routing system through the development of security enhancements to Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP). This model of consensus and international cooperation will instill confidence and create an environment of trust in order to address the many challenges of improving cybersecurity.
For further information see:
Internet Society paper, Some Perspectives on Cybersecurity: 2012
Internet Governance

WCIT: Wednesday December 5th

At the close of day three of the conference, the negotiations are in full swing as all the issues are introduced and discussed both in formal meetings and a host of bilateral and regional meetings.   Thus far, the meeting and discussion is going as expected and there continues to be a considerable divergence of views among countries.  Below is a quick update and analysis from the ISOC team attending the WCIT.
On Tuesday and Wednesday (4th-5th), countries and regions were given the opportunity to introduce their proposals on the various issues. This is likely to go on for a few more days until everyone has a chance to be heard and can, to the extent possible, begin to move toward consensus. As expected, there is considerable debate over some key issues including:
  • Recognized Operating Agency vs. Operating Agency (ROA/OA) – do the ITRs apply to ROAs or OAs?
  • ICTs – do the ITRs apply to ICTs and what is ICT?
  • Voluntary nature of ITU-T Recommendations
  • Accounting and Charging Rates
  • International Connectivity costs
  • Quality of Service
  • Explicit inclusion of Internet
  • Numbering, naming and addressing
  • Fraud and misuse
Of note is an early agreement that is emerging on inclusion of a provision in the ITRs related to accessibility to international telecommunications.  This is an important step forward to improve connectivity to a greater portion of the population.
In summary, it’s early and there will be a lot of turns before we reach final treaty text, so please keep that in mind as you read reports or press about the conference.  For more information about the WCIT, the ITU site has considerable information about the daily discussions here. The Plenary sessions and Committee 5 sessions are being webcast as well.
ISOC has had a chance to meet with delegations from all over the world in what is proving to be an excellent opportunity to engage with countries, understand what their objectives are, and identify ways to help inform the discussion.
Daily press coverage can be found here.


Internet Governance

WCIT: Monday December 3rd

The WCIT conference officially began on Monday, 3rd December 2012 with over 1000 people registered from over 130 countries. At the opening ceremony, the ITU Secretary General spoke along with a recorded speech from the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon, the WCIT Chairman, Mohamed Nasser Al-Ghanim, and ICANN CEO, Fadi Chehade. Speeches from the opening ceremony may be read here.
Monday afternoon’s opening plenary was largely (but not exclusively) a procedural and organizational discussion. The conference will have 5 committees, the bulk of the substantive work will happen in Committee 5, chaired by Ghana. Committee 5 is broken into two Working Groups. Within those Working Groups, specific issues are sent to smaller ad hoc groups to work out text. It’s a complicated process!