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Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security (MANRS) Strengthening the Internet

Knowledge Sharing and Meaningful Conversation at InterCommunity 2020: Securing Global Routing

Recently, five routing security experts shared how they’ve been working to protect the Internet from the most common routing threats – by implementing and promoting the actions called for in Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security, or MANRS. They were all participants in InterCommunity, which gives the Internet Society community a way to connect for meaningful conversations about the issues that matter most to the Internet.

Want to join the InterCommunity conversation? Become an Internet Society member today!

This session of InterCommunity, “Securing Global Routing,” set out to increase awareness of MANRS, share good routing practices, and encourage more network operators to take the MANRS actions to make the Internet more secure for us all.

The speakers shared their network operations and capacity building knowledge while more than 200 participants participated live in the informative conversation.

Special thanks to Melchior Aelmans of Juniper Networks who moderated the discussion skillfully!

Here’s what the panelists had to say:

Abdul Awal, Bangladesh National DataCentre
Awal spoke about his goals in building technical capacity around Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) and raising awareness of MANRS principles in South Asia. He also discussed how we can help networks validate their routing information by implementing Route Origin Authorizations (ROAs).

ROAs enable network operators to cryptographically sign routing advertisements sent over Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to other networks on the Internet. Using RPKI, other networks can cryptographically verify ROAs and drop similar routing information that may be received from other networks.

This significantly improves Internet security by preventing distribution of invalid route advertisements that may lead to parts of the Internet being unreachable or being hijacked by malicious networks.

Awal has worked with networks in the Asia-Pacific region to increase the percentage of valid routing information, thus improving the region’s secure routing.

Mark Tinka, SEACOM
Mark has been in the routing and network engineering industry for several years, active in both the Asia-Pacific and African regions as a network operator and trainer.

Working with RPKI since 2014, Mark explained how routing hardware from Cisco and Juniper has helped improve RPKI support over the years. He also described the process of deploying RPKI in Africa and some of the challenges he faced.

Kevin Blumberg, TORIX
Kevin spoke about implementing MANRS principles from the viewpoint of an Internet Exchange Point (IXP).

TORIX is an IXP in Toronto, Canada that has grown from 1 Gigabit per second in 2000 to 1.1 Terabits per second in 2020. He said it was easy for TORIX to become a MANRS participant as it had been running Internet Routing Registry (IRR) based filtering for more than a decade.

He also said IXP operators are generally less restrictive and so IXPs can easily become a source of a BGP hijack where different networks trust the routing information they receive. Therefore, TORIX feel they have a social obligation to ensure the peering data at their IXP is valid. Without this, it would be easy to permeate route hijacks via IXPs and TORIX wants to prevent that.

Jorge Cano, NIC.mx
Jorge spoke about FORT, a free and open source RPKI validator. An RPKI validator helps routers quickly validate routing information received over BGP without burdening routers with more processing load. FORT works on both Linux and BSD that (the Mexican registry) are working on with the help of LACNIC. The validator is free to use and open to everyone.

Jorge ran a poll to see which validator was most commonly used by the audience. We learned that most participants were currently using the RIPE Validator, with a few already using FORT.

Tashi Phuntsho, APNIC
Tashi gave a presentation on why it is important to secure global routing, highlighting the issues with differences in validated ROA outputs observed with different validators, and the ROA outreach work by the APNIC Training team in the region. Tashi also noted the beta testing the APNIC Training team has done with ROSv7.

If you run an ISP, IXP, CDN, or cloud network let’s protect the Internet ecosystem together. Join MANRS!
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Member News: Teaching Computer Science in Rural Nigeria

Computing for the people: The San Francisco Chapter has an article by a software developer using open source software and open standards hardware to teach computer science skills to students in rural Nigeria. Chioma Ezedi Chukwu, founder of the STEMTeers mentorship program, writes that open source is more than free tools, software, or hardware. “It was a great opportunity to learn, learn by building and create with innovation.”

Coding for kids: Meanwhile, the Pacific Islands Chapter highlights a hackathon for kids event at a childcare center in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. The goal of the event, focused on design thinking, was to equip the students with lifelong skills in the digital age.

Supporting e-learning: In other education-related news, the Uganda Chapter is focused on helping teachers and students improve their digital skills as the country embraces e-learning following the COVID-19 pandemic. “Educators need to adjust their teaching methods to cope with the new changes,” an article says. “Educators should be able to cause change or affect the learner beyond the chalk and blackboard while learners need to be taken through an adaptability process as they transition to digital education.”

Tracking the virus: The Chapter in the Dominican Republican has offered its support for the government there to roll out a COVID-19 tracking app. The Chapter also offered to “analyze and validate the compliance of this application with the best international practices regarding privacy and protection of personal data, our laws, and the principles of the Internet of the Dominican Republic.”

Community in the U.K.: The U.K. Chapter recently published a short history of community-based broadband in the country, characterizing it as a David-vs.-Goliath struggle. But there are still possibilities for community-based networks. There is “potentially a much brighter outlook for community broadband in the future if it can combine core strengths of good, locally-based customer service with the ‘heavy lifting’ of communication service provision … being performed increasingly by cloud-based platforms…”

Fighting fake news: The Netherlands and several other Chapters have partnered with Make Media Great Again, an organization focused on correcting disinformation at news sites. A new working group works with the media and scientists to identify disinformation in news articles.

How are you using the Internet to make a difference? Let us know! #IHeartTheInternet

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Member News: Chapters Focus on Encryption

Lock it down: Several Internet Society chapters across the globe have written about the importance of encryption in recent weeks. The Namibia Chapter wrote about the way encryption can improve privacy and fight against the big business of criminal hacking. “Cybercrime is a global business, often run by multinational outfits,” the Chapter wrote. The Hong Kong Chapter, meanwhile, wrote that “encryption matters to all of us.” Internet users need to work together to protect encryption, the Chapter added. “No party can stand alone to persuade governments to stop creating laws or policies that harm encryption and digital security.”

Freedom for all: The Hong Kong Chapter also called for Internet freedoms to continue in the region as the Chinese government pushes for new security laws there. “We are convinced that the freedoms of speech, press and publication guaranteed by the Basic Law are also applicable to the media industry on the Internet,” the chapter wrote. “Internet users have the freedom and right to obtain, share information and express their expressions, and are protected from being censored, blocked or criminalized.”

Expanding the community: The Nepal Chapter recently wrote about community networks in the country, by highlighting the Rural Communities Access to Information Society (RUCCESS) project. The project aims to provide Internet access and digital literacy programs in rural areas. The project connected community learning hubs with 1 Mbps dedicated bandwidth.

The exchange rate: The Uganda Chapter recently looked at the state of the Uganda Internet Exchange Point, only known Internet exchange point in the country. The IXP is operated by a nonprofit group, but the government there has made several attempts to take over its operation. There are several reasons the government wants to take control, including censorship and taking control of the Internet, the Chapter wrote.

Being a good citizen: The Madagascar Chapter recently highlighted a training program on digital citizenship. “The digital citizen is one who exercises his civic duties and undertakes to become active promoters of more peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, secure and sustainable societies essentially through the digital,” the Chapter wrote. A good citizen has a responsibility to act ethically and avoid fueling hatred and inequality, the Chapter added. “In the digital ecosystem in Madagascar where the Internet is more and more limited to social networks … these dangerous discourses have proliferated widely in recent months, fueled by controversy (generated by fear?) in the context of a health crisis.”

How are you using the Internet to make a difference? Let us know! #IHeartTheInternet

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About Internet Society

Member News: Internet Society Chapters Assist Communities with Telework, Remote Education

Keep working: In recent months, several Internet Society Chapters have focused on helping people to keep working during COVID-19 lockdowns. The Benin Chapter recently published a guide to remote work, with recommendations for videoconferencing apps, project management software, and file storage services. “We are facing a real health crisis, COVID-19, which is shaking up our habits and pushing companies to adapt to new working methods,” the Chapter’s post says. “Authorizing employees to telecommute is the ideal solution for the continuity of your activity and avoiding contagion within your teams.”

Building your brand: Meanwhile, the Israel Chapter hosted a webinar on employment and careers in the digital industry. Speaker Shani Haddad, CEO and founder of Brainnu, talked about the importance of people marketing themselves and telling their own stories.

Learning at a distance: It’s not just workers dealing with new situations during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Pacific Islands Chapter has posted about distance learning, noting that the Samoa Information Technology Association has developed an e-learning platform for students attending school from home. Education is “one of the key areas that is being heavily affected by the lockdown,” the post notes.

No censorship: The Chapter in Spain has raised concerns about a potential clampdown on free speech as the government there responds to information circulating about the coronavirus pandemic. “It is an essential task of the Internet Society to ensure an open Internet, based on the fullest freedom of expression and information, which therefore contributed to free communication between all its users, who in Spain are already today the vast majority of the population,” the Chapter writes. “Except for aberrant content that is openly contrary to public health, such measures are equivalent to prior censorship of information and opinion, and unlike other restrictions on freedoms, they are as unnecessary as they are ineffective in combating this disease.”

A partnership for the Internet: The Pacific Islands Chapter has recently signed a partnership agreement with the Asia Pacific Top Level Domain Association (APTLD), with the goal of building capacity in the TLD space in the region. The partnership will share expertise for training and seminars and will exchange information while “championing the Internet and Internet resources in the local community,” says Leonid Todorov, APTLD’s general manager.

Let us know how you’re using the Internet to make a difference! #IHeartTheInternet

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About Internet Society

Member News: Internet Society Chapters Focus on Connecting People During Pandemic

Staying connected: Several Internet Society Chapters are focusing on ways to help people stay connected while living under stay-at-home orders or following social-distancing guidelines related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Netherlands Chapter has released a toolbox of open source tools to help people work from home.

Resources for the people: Meanwhile, the Dominican Republic Chapter has released a list of COVID-related resources for residents. The list includes information on virtual private networks, on teleworking, and on the country’s cybersecurity resources. The Chapter also released a set of recommendations for the government, for Internet service providers, and for other companies. For example, the Chapter recommends that ISPs offer flexible or low-cost service plans to customers during the pandemic.

Pandemic privacy: One of the many concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic is a loss of privacy as governments and private organizations track mobile phones as a way to monitor the spread of the virus and the effectiveness of social-distancing programs. The Canada Chapter notes that the pandemic has raised fears about the surveillance state. In Canada, the prime minister has ruled against cell phone surveillance for tracking the spread of the virus, but “if the virus rapidly spreads further, no doubt device tracking will be contemplated and possibly enacted in Canada,” the Chapter writes. “This involves a decision most governments are loath to take: trading privacy interests against public health.”

An issue of access: The Slovenia Chapter looks at bandwidth, congestion, and access issues as millions of people worldwide are now working from home. Internet traffic is up significantly in several countries, and while the Internet has held up, about 17 percent of the homes in the country don’t have Internet access, making distance learning nearly impossible, writes Professor Jerman Blažič.

Shutdowns in the time of COVID: The India Chennai Chapter recently hosted a discussion on the impact of Internet shutdowns during a pandemic. A transcript of the discussion is available. “In the current crisis, it appears important that we have to have better connectivity,” moderator Sivasubramanian Muthusamy said.

Life (and art) go on: There’s still room to create art, even during a pandemic, the Netherlands Chapter notes. Member Karina Palosi promotes the Social Distancing Festival, a worldwide online arts festival that includes music, dance, painting, and other arts mediums.

Join the global movement! Become a member and champion an Internet trusted and open to all.

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Member News: Ethiopia Launches Internet Society Chapter

Ready, set, launch: An Internet Society Chapter launched recently in Ethiopia, with a goal of advocating for the development and expansion of open, secure, trustworthy, and affordable Internet access to everyone in the country. The idea of starting an Internet Society Chapter came from a workshop, “where we became conscious of the fact that more than 85% of the Ethiopia population is losing countless opportunities every day because they don’t have access to the Internet,” wrote Adugna Necho, a networking professor at Bahir Dar University. “We believe the Internet is for everyone and we are here to work with all people – from communities to businesses to governments and ordinary people to connect the unconnected and create a bigger and stronger Internet in Ethiopia.”

More Internet, please: The Internet will keep people connected while the world deals with the coronavirus pandemic, the India Chennai Chapter notes. Governments should resist urges to shut down service, the Chapter says. “With factories, offices, public places, transportation, schools are colleges shut down, and no clear picture of whether normal life would resume in 4 weeks or 4 months, it is the Internet that could make life go on,” the Chapter writes. “While it is necessary to keep an eye on fake news and the dangers of fake news causing panic, it is equally important to keep the Internet globally connected, perhaps even with directives to access providers NOT to disrupt connectivity to any user under any pretext together with a heightened awareness among Governments that everyone needs Internet …”

Internet values: The Switzerland Chapter, with support from other organizations, has launched a new project, called VIT Labs, an urban laboratory for collective learning and outreach on the “Values of Internet Technologies.” A long-term goal is to encourage people to use more secure and privacy-respecting digital platforms and tools.

Education is key: The Benin Chapter recently hosted a training session on free software, computer hygiene, and cybersecurity. Trainer Oliver Kwami talked about free software as a tool for the benefit of Africa’s development, and he emphasized Internet education about cybersecurity and cybercrime.

In it for the long term: The Israel Chapter has revised the registration rules for domain names, expending the renewal period from two years to five years. The .il registry manages close to 250,000 domain names. “The clear advantage of long-term registration or renewal of a domain name is mitigating the risk of losing control of this asset when users forget to extend it,” the Israel chapter wrote. “That way, owners can guarantee their domain name continues to point to their online content, establishing an online reputation that improves the website’s search ranking.

Join the global movement! Become a member and champion an Internet trusted and open to all.

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Member News: Internet Society Chapters Focus on Security

Security on your mind: The Internet Society’s Chapter in Benin recently hosted a conference focused on online security and on connectivity issues. Much of the discussion focused on instability of connections in the country, with participants concerned about degraded connections. Participants also talked about limited coverage for mobile services. On the topic of security, speakers urged Internet users to regularly change their passwords, avoid default passwords, and prevent third-party apps from connecting to the services they use.

Secure messages: The Israeli Chapter has focused on the security of messaging and social media apps recently. The Chapter recently posted a guide on how to prevent Instagram accounts from being hacked and a guide on how users can protect their privacy on the Tik Tok messaging app.

Privacy for the young ones: Meanwhile, the Chapter in Portugal, working with the Kids Safe on the Net project, has launched an initiative to improve awareness among Portuguese youth about the importance of online privacy and how they can maintain their privacy.

Good privacy: The Netherlands Chapter recently gave its support to the Good ID initiative, an approach to identity management that prioritizes data privacy and security. Good ID aims to give Internet users more control over their digital identification and their privacy. “The various personal data scandals in recent years have shown that respect for the privacy of citizens is not yet highly regarded by many parties,” the Chapter said.

Governance and security: The Peru Chapter recently sponsored Internet Governance Forum Peru, which focused on Internet infrastructure, regulation, digital citizenship, and cybersecurity. Among the topics were “Digital Citizenship and Online Rights: How do we educate new generations to function in a digital world?” and “Internet Regulation: Brake to innovation or opportunity?”

Tech workers unite: The New York City Chapter hosts regular webcasts on Internet and other tech topics. On Feb. 5, the webcast featured  Lizzie O’Shea, author of “Future Histories: What Ada Lovelace, Tom Paine and the Paris Commune Can Teach Us about Digital Technology.” She talked about how tech workers – from Silicon Valley to India to Brazil – are using platform cooperative principles to organize for the benefit of not just themselves but society as a whole.

Join the global movement! Become a member and champion an Internet trusted and open to all.

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Member News: Internet Society Highlights from 2019

It’s been a busy year for Internet Society Chapters around the world, with members pushing to extend Internet connections to remote areas, involved in public policy, and focusing on cybersecurity. Here are some of the highlights in 2019:

Extending Internet connections

Community awareness: The Madagascar chapter provided awareness training on community-based broadband networks in the rural areas of Ambohimasina, Antambolo, and Morarano-Antongona during February and March. “Our main objective was to ensure that people using the Internet continue to be convinced of its usefulness,” the Chapter wrote. Another goal was for local leaders to have access to the Internet for the “purposes of innovation, creativity and economic opportunities for their municipality.”

Network planning: In Nigeria, the Internet Society Chapter began planning to set up a community network in Zaria, a city in the northern region of the country. The Internet Society provided startup funds of about 10 million naira, or “about the cost of a fairly used Toyota Corolla,” the Chapter noted. “By being very frugal and leveraging on existing infrastructure being contributed by community members, this will cover the cost of the initial wireless hardware required to connect at least 12 locations across Zaria.”

Connecting classrooms: The Kyrgyzstan chapter was very active in 2019, with members setting up the Ilim Box, a digital library, in several schools, including facilities in the Issyk-Kul region. The chapter also launched an Internet Exchange Point in the city of Osh aimed to improving connectivity in the region, and it hosted a roundtable focused on connecting remote areas of the country.

Policy activism

Caution needed: The Dominican Republic Chapter commented on a plan to roll out automated voting systems by calling for a cautious approach. Automated voting systems must prove their capabilities “through tests, audits, certifications and public debates,” the Chapter said.

Copywrong? The Estonia Chapter was involved in a vigorous debate over the European Union Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, which requires online platforms to filter or remove copyrighted material. Amid concerns about the effect on content creators, the Chapter urged the Estonian government to refuse to approve the directive.

It’s your privacy: The Chapter in Panama hosted a forum on a new personal data privacy law. The law requires residents give prior consent for their data to be used. Participants said it’s important for the National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information to be politically independent, and that residents need to be better informed about the importance of privacy.

Yes to encryption: The German Chapter in June protested the government’s stance in favor of encryption backdoors. “Once again, the Federal Ministry of the Interior believes that security in the country can be increased by compromising the encryption of Internet services,” the Chapter said. The government demand that messenger services tap into their customers’ communications “jeopardize[s] the security of Internet services.”

Focus on security

Always ready: The Chapter in Israel alerted websites that about 5,200 could be affected by a February update of global DNS servers, potentially causing disruption to websites around the world. Most websites in Israel had prepared for the updates, but a few had not, the Chapter noted.

No hijacking! The Portuguese Chapter in March called on its members to contribute to the security of the Internet by advocating against the practice of BGP hijacking.  From Cloudflare: BGP hijacking happens when attackers maliciously reroute Internet traffic. “Attackers accomplish this by falsely announcing ownership of groups of IP addresses, called IP prefixes, that they do not actually own, control, or route to. A BGP hijack is much like if someone were to change out all the signs on a stretch of freeway and reroute automobile traffic onto incorrect exits.”

Safety first: The Nigerian Chapter celebrated Safer Internet Day by training students at the Ajibode grammar school on safe Internet uses. The training focused on bullying on social media, among other topics.

Including everyone

No trolling or doxing: The Asia Pacific and Delhi chapters hosted a webinar on diversity and inclusion on the Internet. Topics covered included the tech gender gap, surveillance, linguistic barriers, censorship, and online harassment. Trolling, doxing and revenge porn were discussed.

The search for balance: In February, the Panama Chapter hosted a webinar on inclusion, with a focus on the search for balance and consensus among public, private, and civil society actors.

The international Internet: Several Chapters focused on domain name internationalization during 2019. The Saint Vincent and the Grenadines chapter, for example, pointed to a paper on universal acceptance from the ICANN Universal Acceptance Steering Group focused on the use of non-Latin characters in email.

Join the global movement! Become a member and champion an Internet that is trusted and open to all.

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Member News: Innovative Projects to Help Close the Digital Divide

Vote of Confidence: Voting is open for Chapterthon 2019, the global Internet Society Chapters marathon, where Chapters can develop projects within a timeline and budget to achieve a common goal for the development of the Internet. This year’s theme is Connecting the Unconnected. Twenty-eight Chapters – from Argentina to Zimbabwe – have submitted projects.

Keep the connections: The Venezuela Chapter is among several groups calling for large technology companies to maintain the availability of their services to Venezuelans. While an executive order from U.S. President Donald Trump seeks to block support for the government of Nicolás Maduro, the order does not ban the Internet and other technology services from serving the nation, the chapter notes. Access to the Internet and online services is “critical” because it brings access to independent news and allows citizens to express their opinions, the chapter said.

Trading chips: The Washington, D.C., Chapter recently hosted a conference on digital trade, including the impact of some nations’ policies that require data to be stored locally. “Data has become the most traded good and/or service across borders,” the Chapter said. “Meanwhile, many countries have adopted policies that inhibit digital trade, including requirements that data be stored locally or restricting services provided by foreign firms. Such policies not only affect U.S. Internet and technology firms, but the users and small businesses that rely on an open digital environment.”

A big party: The Spain Chapter helped organize the Tech.Party.2019 events, attracting more than 700 participants. Topics included cybersecurity, Artificial Intelligence, free hardware, renewable energy, and recycling. At one conference, the Internet Society’s Raquel Gatto talked about how encryption is under threat worldwide, with governments asking for backdoor access to encrypted communications.

Indigenous representation: The New York City chapter recently hosted a discussion on how Indigenous people are represented on Wikipedia. Columbia University School of Social Work’s Sophia Leveque talked about ways to make the online encyclopedia more inclusive.

Join the global movement! Become a member and champion an Internet that is trusted and open to all. Already a member? Follow ISOC_Community on Twitter!

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Member News: Helping Schools Get Access to Internet, Educational Materials

News from Internet Society Chapters and Special Interest Groups across the world:

Library in a box: This month, the Kyrgyzstan Chapter installed an electronic library called the Ilim Box in secondary schools in the southern part of Issyk-Kul region. The device allows the schools to access educational resources when they don’t have an Internet connection. All the data is stored in the device itself, with only a power supply needed.

Refresher course: Earlier this year, the Paraguay Chapter helped set up improved Internet access and an electronics lab at Colegio Técnico Nacional, a secondary school in Asunción. The equipment at the 1,500-student technical school had become obsolete, and many classrooms lacked an Internet connection and modern computers.

Student governance: Sticking with our focus on education, the Benin Chapter hosted students from the National Institute of Technical and Industrial Sciences of Lokossa earlier this year to talk about Internet Governance issues. Chapter members talked to the students about ways to take care of the Internet and how to pay attention to its development.

Internet for everyone: The Israel Chapter is focused on ways to bring access to more Arab residents. “The Israeli Internet Association sees a narrowing of the digital divide between Arab society in Israel and Jewish society, and in particular the expansion of the accessibility of individuals in the Arab society to the Internet and their ability to use it, as a powerful lever for the rapid socio-economic advancement of the individual and Arab society in Israel, to contribute to reducing the gaps,” the Chapter says.

Exchange rates: The Chad Chapter recently hosted an event to discuss the possible operation of an Internet Exchange Point in the country. An exchange point would allow the direct interconnection of networks, rather than through one or more third-party networks outside of Chad. Direct interconnection would lower costs and latency, while increasing bandwidth, the Chapter says.

Encryption, please: Members of the U.K. Chapter recently joined the Internet Society to call on world leaders to support a secure and trusted digital economy for everyone by backing strong encryption. The Chapter signed a letter responding to calls from some countries for encryption backdoors for law enforcement agencies. “Digital security is not optional,” the letter said. “It is the foundation of our connected economies and societies. Without digital security, we can neither trust nor shape technological developments.”

Join the global movement! Become a member and champion an Internet that is trusted and open to all.

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Community Projects

Internet Society Members Across the Globe Rally to Call to Action

Last week was a high point in our long history of engagement with a growing global community that shares our mission of promoting the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of everyone, everywhere.

In a live-streamed event which we believe has set a new benchmark for global engagement, our community came together to be a force for progress and action. During the Q1 Community Forum on 15 January and in the days that followed, more than 600 individual member participants heard the Internet Society’s CEO Kathy Brown talk about the successes achieved together in 2014 as well as the key Internet technology, policy and development issues and challenges that are important for the organization as 2015 gets underway.

The Forum highlighted several areas that represent a focus for the Internet Society this year as part of the Internet Society 2015 Action Plan, including: the value of the collaborative, bottom-up approach to Internet governance; the importance of the continuing WSIS process; the need to restore trust in the Internet; the next steps in Internet security; and the most effective ways to increase access to the Internet opportunity. In summarizing the work of the organization this year, Kathy Brown called the community to action to advance the Internet debate, self-organize and strive for positive change.

A total of 108 countries were represented at the Forum, with a geographic reach that spans the entire globe. Brazil, Canada, Ghana, India, Kenya, the United States, Pakistan, Spain, Switzerland, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the UK all showed especially strong attendance figures. People even interrupted their sleep to tune in from as far afield as Samoa.

See the numbers here!

Designed to provide an interactive platform for dialogue, the first global Community Forum of the year attracted many questions on a broad range of Internet Governance and technology-led issues, giving a voice to the concerns of our community members. Its success follows a number of regional community forums held around the world in December and January that offered the community an opportunity to talk with ISOC Regional Bureau Directors about 2014 achievements and plans for 2015.

There will be additional Forums throughout the year, with the Q2 Forum in April and the Q3 event being a fully virtual ‘town hall’ meeting of the Internet Society’s global community, streamed from Auckland, New Zealand. More details to follow.

If you’re a member, login to watch the full Q1 Community Forum here.

If you’d like to become one, sign up to be an ISOC member here!


Q1 Community Forum: Participants Across the World
Country Sessions
United States 98
India 48
Switzerland 23
Ghana 23
Kenya 19
Nigeria 17
Canada 15
Spain 15
Pakistan 15
Brazil 14
Congo (DRC) 13
United Kingdom 13
Venezuela 12
Austria 11
Portugal 11
Belgium 10
Germany 10
France 10
Sri Lanka 9
Yemen 9
Israel 8
South Africa 8
Bangladesh 7
Côte d’Ivoire 7
Egypt 7
Indonesia 7
Senegal 7
Uganda 7
Finland 6
Mexico 6
Netherlands 6
Saudi Arabia 6
Chad 6
Tunisia 6
Turkey 6
Argentina 5
Costa Rica 5
Haiti 5
Italy 5
Sierra Leone 5
Thailand 5
Uruguay 5
Burundi 4
Botswana 4
Cameroon 4
Dominican Republic 4
South Korea 4
Liberia 4
Malaysia 4
Peru 4
Puerto Rico 4
Paraguay 4
Rwanda 4
United Arab Emirates 3
Australia 3
Burkina Faso 3
Bulgaria 3
Congo (Republic) 3
Algeria 3
Ethiopia 3
Gambia 3
Jamaica 3
Jordan 3
Niger 3
Philippines 3
Poland 3
Qatar 3
Trinidad & Tobago 3
Vietnam 3
Zimbabwe 3
Benin 2
Colombia 2
Ecuador 2
Lebanon 2
St. Lucia 2
Morocco 2
Malta 2
Palestine 2
Russia 2
El Salvador 2
Togo 2
Taiwan 2
Tanzania 2
Afghanistan 1
Azerbaijan 1
Barbados 1
Bolivia 1
Belarus 1
Czech Republic 1
Djibouti 1
Guatemala 1
Hong Kong 1
Croatia 1
Ireland 1
Kazakhstan 1
Luxembourg 1
Macedonia (FYROM) 1
Mali 1
Myanmar (Burma) 1
Mauritania 1
Nepal 1
Oman 1
Sudan 1
Slovenia 1
Somalia 1
Sint Maarten 1
Samoa 1
Zambia 1
TOTAL 676