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Building Trust Domain Name System (DNS) Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) Improving Technical Security Open Internet Standards Technology

29th DNSSEC Root Signing Ceremony

On the 27th of April 2017, the 29th DNSSEC root-signing ceremony took place.

A good description of the ceremony is written by Ólafur Guðmundsson. Perhaps you want to skim that blog first, as I will refer to it a few times below. You may also want to refer to my previous blog posts about the 25th, and 27th ceremonies – this blog post is remarkably similar to those because all these ceremonies are remarkably uneventful.

As one of the 7 ‘key-holders’ at the east-coast facilities in Culpeper, Virginia (USA) I have two responsibilities:

1. Help open the safe deposit box that contains smart-cards that are needed to operate or perform maintenance on the hardware signing machine that contains the actual private root key. There are 7 of those safe deposit boxes (tier 7) inside a safe (tier 6), inside a highly secured cage (tier 5) that is in a secured room (tier 4) with dedicated access control gate (tier 3 and tier 2) that lives inside a secure and guarded facility (tier 1). At least 3 key-holders are needed to open at least 3 safe deposit boxes, to get at least 3 of those smart cards to access the HSM, that is kept in another safe. There are different sets of people needed to gain access at any tier. The odds that they collude are minimal.

2. Witness the whole process and attest publicly to what I’ve seen. This blog post serves as that attestation.

Attestations

Attestation one: I attest that Root Key Ceremony 29 took place according to the script with no exceptions whatsoever.

Attestation two: During Act 2 of the the ceremony the Operating System DVD was replaced and the old OS DVD copies (release release 20161014 ) were discarded, conform step 11 of the script. I took one of the DVDs and using the macports version of OpenSSL version 1.0.2k verified the SHA256 checksum of the disk. That checksum is exactly the same as the checksum recorded during ceremony 27 – Act 2 – Step 6 and the checksum over the image that has been published for ceremony 27, 28, and 29:

991f7be8cfbc3b4bdb6f5e5f84092486755a08a3c36712e37a26ccd808631692

There have been two disks used during the ceremonies; I only took one.

I make this attestation because having an independent SHA implementation calculate the checksum validates that the checksum on the OS DVD is functioning as expected.

The reason for the OS replacement is that 3-sets of keyset signatures needed to be changed during this ceremony – having to do with the pre-publication of the new key signing key, and possible roll-back scenarios, in addition minor improvements and fixes were made. I have not performed any audits or reviews of the code or the changes. The new OS DVD image is published here.

Root Key rollover

Let me use the opportunity to give a heads up about the root key rollover that is happening this year. If you are responsible for running a DNSSEC enabled recursive name server you must understand that you have to take action and when.

The root keys were generated during ceremony 1 in 2010 and will be replaced for the first time over the next year. The first step of that process happened in October: the generation of the new key. The hash over that key has been published on the IANA website in February. The SHA256 hash of that key as it would show in the DS record is: E06D44B80B8F1D39A95C0B0D7C65D08458E880409BBC683457104237C7F8EC8D

You can already configure your recursive name server to validate using that key so that you are future-proof. Just realize it is not yet in production; you MUST NOT remove the anchor that you have currently configured as signatures with the new key will only be generated as of October 2017.

Better just verify if your nameserver is configured to support the RFC5011 rollover mechanism. If it doesn’t you have to still check whether the ‘good thing’ happens. If it doesn’t you have to pay particularly good care to configure a new trust anchor in Q4 of 2017 when the actual rollover takes place. See ICANN’s KSK rollover web resources for more information.

Categories
Internet Governance

A Key Moment for the IANA Transition

This is a key moment for the IANA transition. On September 30, the contract between the US Commerce Departments National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is set to expire. As this date approaches, some members of the United States Congress have expressed reservations about allowing the IANA transition to go forward. There have been calls by some to block the transition while others have suggested that a delay is in order.  

In a letter to key Congressional leaders, the Internet Society CEO, Kathryn Brown, urges Congress to allow the transition to proceed without delay. 

We always advocated that a successful IANA transition will strengthen the collaborative, multistakeholder model of governance that has been at the foundation of the Internet’s success to date. The Internet Society has been and, continues to be, confident that this can be done in a way that allows the current contract to expire at the end of September 2016. We see no reason to delay the IANA Stewardship Transition. In fact, we believe that any delay would add a degree of instability and make the prospect of government control of the Internet more likely, not less. It would signal to those who want to control the Internet that the US government believes this technology does not work as designed. It would tell the global Internet community that its consensus around the IANA proposal is meaningless.

The Internet Society believes the IANA transition plan will provide for the uninterrupted operation of the global Internet and, thus, we fully support the transition without delay.  

You can read the full letter here.

Categories
Internet Governance

Looking At The Past To Understand The Future: A History of IANA Through The Years

While billions use the Internet every day, its inner workings and history are not normally in the public eye. Over the past 30 years, the Internet’s technology, policy, operations, and administration have evolved through both small and large steps. Originally a private research network available to a few, the Internet has become a self-governing and self-managing entity that provides invaluable content and services in every corner of the globe.

The history of IANA, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, is tightly tied to the history of the Internet. As a key manager of the naming and addressing used on the Internet, IANA’s role has been quiet, but crucial.  Changes in the oversight of the IANA functions mirror the changes in governance, management, and globalization of the entire Internet.

In 2016 and in response to a US government invitation, the Internet community proposed changes to the management, accountability, and structure of IANA to better fit the needs of this tremendously important global network. Currently, the US Government is in the process of evaluating and approving the changes to the final structure of IANA. This history of IANA is offered to the Internet community to help put the proposed changes into context and offer an unbiased account of IANA’s evolution. 

– by Joel Snyder, Konstantinos Komaitis and Andrei Robachevsky

Olaf Kolkman:

 The history of the IANA demonstrates that a relatively boring function evolved as the key-resource for global interoperability of the Internet. That evolution demonstrates the power of voluntary bottom-up, collaborative decision making that turned a network of networks into a Global Internet.

Scott Bradner:

 In March 2014 the U.S. government announced that it might be willing to relinquish control over what had been an obscure Internet coordination function.  Since then the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (the once obscure Internet coordination function) has taken on a persona far greater than it actually warrants. In presenting the history of the IANA and a clear description of its actual role in the Internet, the Internet Society is making it more likely that the discussion of the U.S. government’s current and future roles in managing the Internet will be based on facts rather than speculation symbolism.

Sally Wentworth:

 To see what impact the IANA transition will have on the future of the Internet, we have only to look back to see how far we have come. Hard work, a strong commitment to the outcome, and the maturity of the Internet community made this transition a reality.

Izumi Okutani:

 History is not just the records of the past but serves as valuable information to understand the present and to shape the future. Before this document, there had not been a compilation of the history of IANA to this level. The document would serve the Internet Community as well as anyone who has an interest in this subject, in better understanding the role and the environment surrounding the IANA functions. 

Karl Auerbach:

 IANA has been, and will remain, important to the success of the Internet. However, various actors looking more towards their own self-interest than towards the technical stability of the Internet, have used IANA as a football. This football game continues today and will continue in the future.  Our best means of assuring that IANA acts for the benefit of the public is to understand how IANA came about, how it evolved, and the job that it is to do and the job that it does.

John Klensin:

 A successful Internet of the future requires minimum centralization, both technically and in policy. The same principle was key to its development and spread. IANA must operate in a highly distributed environment, and understanding the history of IANA can help guide us to appropriate future structures.

Dave Piscitello:

 All histories are important. The IANA history is particularly important because it captures one of several, related activities that were necessary to transform the Internet from a research and academic network, to ad hoc collections of interconnected IP networks, and finally to a global, arguably critical communications infrastructure that has consistently exhibited near-zero-error performance.

John Levine:

 Few online users know about IANA, the bookkeeper of the Internet. Without the records that IANA keeps, your computer couldn’t tell e-mail from the web, networks in New York from networks in New Zealand, and dot com from dot cm.  (That’s Cameroon, if you were wondering.)  This history traces IANA’s surprising history from a few files kept by a graduate student to a complex organization overseen by many stakeholders.

Categories
Internet Governance

Important next step in IANA Stewardship Transition: NTIA says proposal meets criteria

Today, the global Internet community reached an important milestone. The US Department of Commerce National Telecommunications & Information Administration (NTIA) announced that the community-developed proposal to transition the stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions meets the criteria it set out in March 2014. The NTIA specifically noted that the proposal:

  • Supports and enhances the multistakeholder model;
  • Maintains the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet DNS;
  • Meets the needs and expectations of the global customers and partners of the IANA services; and,
  • Maintains the openness of the Internet.

NTIA further specified that it would not accept a proposal that replaces its role with a government-led or intergovernmental organization solution.

The announcement comes after a thorough, 90-day review. It reaffirms the value and power of the multistakeholder bottom-up process. Importantly, it puts to rest any concern about capture or control of IANA by any one stakeholder. In the transition proposal, no single party has undue control, and there are protocols in place to prevent any individual, organization or government from seizing jurisdiction or excluding others from the stewardship process.

Today’s announcement proves one additional thing: when presented with a common goal, the multistakeholder model can deliver robust solutions to practical questions facing the Internet. The open, inclusive, and consensus-driven processes by which the IANA Stewardship Transition proposal was developed ensured the plan was informed by the operational realities—and has laid the foundation for its successful implementation. The Internet community worked collaboratively towards a shared goal of creating and implementing a plan that would allow the Internet to continue to function in an open, secure and reliable manner.

Of course, the operational communities will continue working towards finalizing all of the implementation details before the IANA contract expires at the end of September. Over the past several months, since the proposal was submitted, the hard work of developing the transition plan has been followed by more hard work to make it a reality. And through this work, the operational communities have demonstrated they are ready to take on the responsibility of stewarding the IANA functions. We are confident in the integrity of the plan and that all final details will be completed on time.

I believe in the plan’s ability to serve the broad interests of Internet users around the world, and in the operational communities’ talent to deliver on the plan’s promise. I am heartened by the process by which the plan was developed and the demonstrated commitment to see it through. And, I am committed to continue supporting the efforts of everyone involved working towards an Internet of opportunity for all.


Categories
Internet Governance

IANA Transition Hearing On May 24 Before U.S. Senate – IAB Chair Andrew Sullivan Testifying

On Tuesday, May 24, 2016, the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation will be holding a hearing on the IANA stewardship transition process beginning at 10:00 am US EDT (UTC-4).


UPDATE: The hearing has now concluded.  You can now:


You can watch a live stream of the session and read the witness testimony and opening statements at:

www.commerce.senate.gov

Andrew Sullivan, chair of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), will be speaking as one of the witnesses. For those of you in Washington, DC, the hearing, titled “Examining the Multistakeholder Plan for Transitioning the Internet Assigned Number Authority” will take place in the Senate Russell Building room 253.

For background on the Internet Society’s views, please visit our IANA Transition page. Specifically you may want to read:

I also encourage you to read our new paper: Internet Governance – Why the Multistakeholder Approach Works.

I look forward to the hearing tomorrow in DC and will be available for comments to the media. Please contact me at buell@isoc.org.

Categories
Internet Governance

Testimony Before The US House About the IANA Stewardship Transition

Today, March 17, 2016, Sally Wentworth testified in a hearing on “Privatizing the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority” before the Communications and Technology Subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Energy and Commerce Committee. Sally’s oral testimony as prepared is included below. You can also view:


Chairman Walden, Ranking Member Eshoo, and members of the Subcommittee, thank you for today’s opportunity to testify before you on the transition of oversight of IANA and the impact it will have on global Internet policy and the future of an open Internet.

My name is Sally Shipman Wentworth. I am the Vice President of Global Policy Development for the Internet Society. The Internet Society is a global organization with more than 80,000 members and 116 chapters worldwide. It is also the organizational home of the Internet Engineering Task Force. In its March 2014 announcement,, the NTIA identified the Internet Society as a “directly affected party” to the IANA transition.

Two years ago, the NTIA announced its intent to transition the administration of the IANA functions. We now believe that we have reached a necessary and important step in ensuring the continued uninterrupted operation of the global Internet and in laying the best foundation for its future.

We strongly support and endorse the resulting IANA Stewardship Transition Plan and the Recommendations to Enhance ICANN Accountability that have been delivered to NTIA.

Taken together, this is a plan that:

First, Ensures the continued stability and security of key technical functions that are a core part of the smooth operation of the Internet,

Second, Provides a path forward for strengthening ICANN’s accountability to its community; and

Third, Meets the criteria set by the NTIA in its original announcement.

Through a global, multistakeholder process that engaged industry, civil society, the technical community, governments and many others, the community has reached consensus on a proposal that will provide operational stability, reliability, and continuity for the global Internet.

Mr. Chairman, The Internet is a transnational, borderless “network of networks” comprised of countless individual networks that connect around the globe. The basic architecture of the Internet that we all rely upon every day is global and distributed – no one entity, government or otherwise, controls it.

The governance of the Internet reflects this distributed approach. This model of governance is often referred to as the multistakeholder model. In essence, this is a way of getting things done that is bottom-up, inclusive, transparent and that ensures that the relevant expertise can be brought to the table to solve hard problems. Like the Internet architecture itself, multistakeholder Internet governance ensures that no one stakeholder captures or takes over the Internet at the expense of others.

The management of the IANA functions from the early days of the Internet through to the present embodies a multistakeholder model based on distributed coordination and transparent governance. The proposal before the United States government ensures that, the multistakeholder systems that have facilitated the security and stability of the IANA functions remain strong and in-tact.

Policy development for the IANA functions will remain distributed among three organizations – the IETF, the Regional Internet Registries and ICANN – will each continue to employ multistakeholder processes to develop and manage the Internet identifiers. The stewardship of the IANA functions will be carried out by ICANN, itself a multistakeholder entity.

Importantly for this Subcommittee, the transition proposal directly addresses concerns about capture or control of IANA by any one stakeholder. Any multistakeholder process must be vigilant about preventing capture. In the transition proposal, no single party has undue control, and there are protocols in place to prevent any individual, organization or government from seizing jurisdiction or excluding others from the stewardship process.

The proposal is also crafted so that IANA remains independent of any government or intergovernmental organization.

The Internet Society is confident that the current proposal creates adequate mechanisms to prevent capture by governments or other entities, ensuring the core IANA functions will continue to operate free of undue influence.

In conclusion, I want to leave you with one key message:

The Internet Society firmly believes that the transition plan that was sent to NTIA upholds the processes and principles that have served as a foundation for the Internet’s growth and development to date.

The communities have worked hard to ensure that the IANA functions will continue to operate in a predictable manner, consistent with the need to maintain the security, stability, resiliency and openness of the Internet.

Finally, I want to use this opportunity to thank this Subcommittee for its steadfast support for the multistakeholder model and for your continued engagement to ensure a smooth and stable transition of the IANA functions.

Categories
Events Internet Governance Public Policy To archive

Watch Live – Thursday, March 17 – Sally Wentworth Testifying at US Congressional Hearing on Privatizing IANA

On Thursday, March 17, 2016, our VP of Global Policy Development, Sally Shipman Wentworth, will be testifying before the U.S. Congress on the topic of “Privatizing the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority” (IANA) starting at 10:15am US EDT (UTC-4).  You can learn about the hearing at:

and watch live at:

Sally’s written testimony is available in advance from our site at:

and also from our general IANA stewardship transition page.

The hearing is before the Communications and Technology Subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Energy and Commerce Committee. The speakers as of now will be:

  • Dr. Alissa Cooper, Chair, IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group
  • Mr. Steve DelBianco, Executive Director, NetChoice
  • The Honorable David A. Gross, Former U.S. Coordinator, International Communications and Informational Policy, Wiley Rein LLP
  • Ms. Audrey Plonk, Director, Global Security and Internet Governance Policy, Intel Corporation
  • Mr. Matthew Shears, Representative and Director, Global Internet Policy and Human Rights Project, Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT)
  • Ms. Sally Shipman Wentworth, Vice President, Global Policy Development, Internet Society

Please see our IANA Stewardship Transition page for more background information. The video stream will be recorded if you are unable to watch the session live.

Categories
Internet Governance

A note to the ISOC Community: Marking our success, building on IANA momentum to keep Internet on track

I have just returned from Marrakech where we marked a historic milestone for the multistakeholder model of Internet governance. Following the original request from the U.S. Government, the ICANN Board transmitted to the U.S. Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) the plan to transition stewardship of the IANA functions to the Internet Community. The Plan was developed through the engagement, energy, dedication, and diligence of many, diverse people around the world. Many of you participated in important ways to reach the consensus recommendations that form the basis of a new era for the Internet Community. I applaud your work, dedication and persistence. I especially want to thank Narelle Clark and Demi Getschko, who served as the ISOC’s representatives on the ICG.

The Internet Society strongly supports the plan as an important step in ensuring the continued uninterrupted operation of the global Internet.

What the community has delivered is quite remarkable. Together, we validated the process that has been at the core of the Internet’s success through the persistent commitment of the community. We produced consensus-based recommendations to ensure the continued coordination of key technical functions of the Internet. We strengthened our community’s foundation for working together in the future. We have reason to feel the pride of accomplishment.

But we are not yet done. Hard work remains ahead of us to turn the promise of the plan into reality. Service Level Agreements must be signed. Intellectual Property arrangements have to be finalized. ICANN must be responsive to its own community to ensure it continues to be a strong steward of IANA. And, of course, the proposal must successfully make its way through review by the U.S. government.

As part of that review, later this week the House of Representative’s Energy & Commerce Committee will hold a hearing on the IANA stewardship transition. People representing diverse stakeholders that participated in developing the plan have been asked to testify, including the Internet Society’s Sally Wentworth. At the same time, the NTIA is beginning its review.

In fact the plan will soon be examined by individuals in many organizations around the world. We feel confident it meets the criteria set forth by the NTIA and that it is good for the Internet and its billions of users, today and in the future. We know that the plan is stronger because of the processes through which it was developed. And, after the final acclimation in Marrakech, we trust it has broad support from the Internet community. These aspects will be extremely important in the face of the scrutiny it will—and should—receive over the next several months. Most importantly, through all of this, we must keep an eye towards completing review and implementation by the time the contract expires in September of this year.

So, while we have reached a significant milestone, we need to finish the job. We already know some of what must be done. Along the way we will discover other things we need to do. The Internet Society is committed to seeing this most important transition through to its finish. Together, with the dedication and persistence that is our hallmark, I am confident we will get there together.


Image credit: ICANN Photos on Flickr CC BY NC

Categories
Internet Governance Open Internet Standards

IANA: Keeping The Ultimate Objective In Mind

Later this week, ICANN’s Chartering Organizations will indicate whether they will support the third draft proposal of the CCWG-Accountability Work Stream 1 Recommendations. This is a significant moment in the IANA transition process. Support for the accountability proposal by the ICANN community will mean that we are very close to a point when the transition can move to its next phase.

Since the beginning of this process, the IANA transition has had many moving parts. In its original announcement, NTIA identified what it called “directly affected parties” – each of whom had work to do to develop a consensus proposal on how the transition could take place in a way that upholds the core principles that NTIA set forward.

On the operational side, this work has been completed by the IETF, the RIRs and, for the most part, by the names community.

The remaining piece is to ensure that, post-transition, ICANN is fully accountable to the community it serves. This work has been ably led by the CCWG.

In Dublin, the community reached a milestone inasmuch as it agreed, in concept, to work within a so-called Single Designator Model. It is understood that this governance model can meet the requirements of the community for accountability while having minimal impact on ICANN’s corporate structure.

There is also agreement on a set of community powers “designed to empower the community to hold ICANN accountable for the organization’s Principles”.

In addition, there is general agreement on the need to clarify ICANN’s Mission & core values; to appropriately reaffirm ICANN’s commitment to human rights; and, to discuss the accountability of the Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees.

Finally, in Dublin, the community agreed to a general set of procedural steps for the exercise of the community powers, namely:

Community powers will be exercised through consensus: Engage, Escalate, Enforce.

In short, there appears to be consensus around a governance framework for how accountability will work inside ICANN going forward.

Let’s not lose sight of this considerable progress.

The open questions that remain to be solved have to do the scope of those powers, who exercises these powers, and the implications for ICANN as a corporation. While these issues are by no means trivial, they are solvable, particularly if the parties stay focused and collaborate in good faith.

It strikes me that we are in a place where we need to grab consensus knowing that the community has done the hard work of satisfying the fundamentals of its Charter — meeting the criteria for success that has been set forth, not just by NTIA, but by and for itself. I was encouraged by Steve Crocker’s blog earlier this week in which he expressed the Board’s commitment to work with the community to get the transition done on time.

For the past few weeks, there have been intense discussions on how to improve the current draft proposal based on community feedback. This is typical in any consensus process but in working collaboratively towards the ultimate objective, we should make sure that the timeframe of the transition is met.

Importantly, while the discussions about accountability are primarily focused on the ICANN community and its processes, the outcome of this is critical for the IANA transition as a whole and for all the directly affected parties to the transition.

Moreover, seeing this transition through, in a timeframe that is realistic in light of the U.S. political environment, matters for the entire multistakeholder ecosystem. We cannot go back – we cannot simply pretend that the past 22 months haven’t changed the landscape for Internet governance. They have. If we, as a community, fail to deliver, there will be ripple effects throughout the IG ecosystem.

But if we succeed, when we succeed, we will have collectively done the right thing for the Internet.

Categories
Internet Governance

We're Almost There… IANA Stewardship Transition

Since Friday, I have been listening to and, yes, talking to many in Dublin who are engaged in the multistakeholder effort to transition the IANA functions.

Our goal is an orderly transition that both reaffirms the strength of the global multistakeholder model while protecting and preserving the coordinated, well-functioning administration of the unique identifiers that are the core of the technical genius of the Internet.

There is a sense of momentum here in Dublin that feels like we are in reach of success as a Community.

The IANA Coordination Group (ICG) has a strong draft proposal on how to replace the role of the NTIA in a way that ensures the continued stability and security of the IANA functions. The co-chair has indicated that she intends to wrap up discussions on Friday.

As for accountability, it is always the case that the last bits of any agreement are the hardest–that’s why they are the last. The result of the CCWG’s work on Friday and Saturday seems like a breakthrough. The CCWG’s “escalation” slide[1] was clear –at least to me–in laying out a coherent and effective way forward no matter which model is ultimately chosen. It appears that the “dependencies” between the ICG and CCWG proposals (raised in our Comments and elsewhere) are on their way to being solved.

Moreover, and importantly, in the emerging proposal the community is empowered to ensure ICANN’s accountability to its stakeholders. This engagement-escalation-enforcement approach provides multiple opportunities for the community, the ICANN Board, and the ICANN staff to work together to resolve disputes via community consensus rather than turning immediately–or at all–to the courts. We think this is a very constructive approach that keeps power in the multistakeholder community where it belongs.

These refinements to strengthen accountability, to map out a path forward for the stable and secure operations of IANA, and to empower the ICANN community to exercise appropriate oversight over ICANN are most encouraging. Rough consensus has been the motto of the Internet for decades and we think we are moving towards that this week.

There comes a moment to grab consensus knowing that the community has done the hard work of satisfying the fundamentals of its Charter –meeting the criteria for success that has been set forth, not just by NTIA, but by and for itself. The ICG has proposed a plan that incorporates the solid recommendations of the operational communities and the CCWG is on the verge of doing the same for ICANN community empowerment in the new role that will be entrusted to ICANN at the conclusion of the transition. ISOC is, frankly, in awe of the work that has been done.

We believe getting the last bits resolved is possible — and probable — before this week ends.


[1] Slide 6 of the CCWG presentation.

Image credit: ICANN photos on Flickr

Categories
Internet Governance

Globalizing IANA: The Internet Society Submits Comments to the ICG

Today the Internet Society submitted its comments on the proposal to transition the stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions from the United States Government to the global multistakeholder community.

The Internet Society has consistently advocated for the globalization of the IANA functions. We firmly believe that the global community is ready now to assume this important stewardship role and that a successful completion of this process is a critical step in providing additional confidence in the collaborative and multistakeholder Internet governance model.

In our comments we highlight how the proposal of the IANA Coordination Group (ICG) meets the principles set forth by NTIA. The proposal represents the outcome of discussions conducted under the unique multistakeholder processes of the relevant communities and have been open and transparent. We believe that the communities have worked hard to ensure that, after the transition takes place, the IANA functions will continue to operate in a predictable manner, consistent with the need to maintain the security, stability, resiliency and openness of the Internet. On the whole, the ICG has presented a workable proposal for the continued stability of the IANA functions.

We have, however, raised a number of concerns which we recommend for consideration by the ICG. Specifically, we comment on the complexity of the proposal, its implementation and its dependency on the ICANN accountability proposal that is being discussed in a parallel proceeding. We encourage the communities to continue deliberating how these implementation details can be addressed in a timely manner and how, in addressing them, all the communities can remain equally involved. The real test of the NTIA principles is not in the proposal but rather in the “running code” – it is important that we achieve the desired result once the implementation is complete.

We do not see these outstanding issues as unresolvable. Recently, Assistant Secretary Larry Strickling announced the extension of the IANA contract until September 2016. We welcome this extension because it will allow the global Internet community to continue its hard work on addressing these outstanding issues.

The work undertaken by the stakeholders to this process has been a testament to the dedication, persistence and expertise of the dedicated Internet community. In the true spirit of the Internet, there has been a tremendous amount of work and effort to ensure that the transition of the IANA functions happens in an open, inclusive, transparent and accountable manner. Ultimately, this process is about stewardship of the central, critical functions of one of the most extraordinary human innovations. It is right to entrust this important role to the Community and we are confident that the Community will carry its responsibilities through to a result that protects and furthers the core work of the Internet.

At the Internet Society, we will continue to assist the efforts of the global Internet community towards a successful transition. We encourage others to respond to the ICG’s request for comments.  The ICG needs to hear from many voices now. We encourage all of you to submit your own comments (as organizations or as individuals) before the Sept 8th deadline, even if you only wish to comment on a couple of the questions raised by the ICG. Please join with us in providing this critical feedback.


See also:

Categories
Internet Governance

The IANA Stewardship Transition – Now Is The Time To Share Your Views!

The IANA Stewardship Transition process may have started more than a year ago, but last week it reached its pinnacle with the publication of the compiled Proposal to Transition the Stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions from the US Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) to the Global Multistakeholder Community” by the IANA Coordination Group (ICG).

Now, it is time for all of us to tune in and share our views on this very important proposal.

This is an historical moment which we can all be part of. I would like to encourage everyone to read and reflect on the ICG proposal, participate at the webinars and submit their comments to the ICG’s process. The Internet has consistently been shaped and evolved through bottom-up and inclusive processes. The IANA Transition process is no exception and everyone is invited.

In this context, the ICG is now inviting the global Internet community to review, reflect and deliberate on the proposal and asks all interested parties to submit their comments by the 8th September 2015 at 23:59 UTC.

As part of this call for public comment and continuing its role as an additional source of information and knowledge on all things IANA, the ICG will be hosting two webinars with the aim to help the public understand the proposal, the purpose of the ICG’s public comment period and how to provide public comments. The topics that will be covered include:

  • What are the IANA functions?
  • What is the IANA stewardship transition?
  • What is being proposed for the transition of the IANA stewardship?
  • Why is the ICG seeking public comments?
  • What should commenters focus on?

At the same time, in parallel to the ICG’s proposal, the Cross-Community Working Group (CCWG) on Accountability has just released its second draft for public comment. For the past months, members of the CCWG-Accountability have been working on enhancements to ICANN’s accountability framework that have been identified as essential to happen or be committed to before the IANA Stewardship Transition takes place. This is just as an important process as the ICG one and it significant that the community pays similar attention to these recommendations.

Finally, last week, the Internet Society released a policy paper entitled: “Perspectives on the IANA Stewardship Transition Principles”. The paper is a contribution to the ongoing discussions regarding the IANA transition process. Like all other interested parties, the Internet Society is contributing to this process. As we have previously stated “ a successful transition [can help] reinforce the value of the collaborative, multistakeholder model”.

What is currently taking place should be considered a milestone in the administration and management of the Internet. In one of my previous blog posts, I have said that this transition has always been in the cards – since 1998 to be precise. We have come a long way. We now have a final proposal and a global Internet community that is more mature, more diverse and more committed than ever before.

In this spirit, we should continue to show our support and help shape the future of the Internet.

P.S. The NTIA’s Larry Strickling has also published an article asking for comments: Let Your Voice be Heard on IANA Transition.